Nearly seven million high school students take the SAT each year.
The College Board found barely 43% are truly college ready, prompting them to make some changes.
“Admissions Officers and counselors have said they find the data from the admissions exams useful but they are concerned that these exams have become disconnected from the work of high schools," said David Coleman, College Board President.
Officials say the use of obscure vocabulary words to be defined will no longer be expected and multiple choice answers will drop from 5 to 4. The essay question is no longer mandatory but optional and the maximum score will return to 1600 instead of the current 2400.
"In the past, the SAT was based on...what colleges are looking for,” said Charles Sahm from the Manhattan Institute.
Students will still need to know several possible word definitions.